SAT写作五大法则及实例指导

/2020-08-06/法则 实例 五大 指导
原标题:SAT写作五大法则及实例指导为了方便广大考生更好的复习,我们整理了SAT写作五大法则及实例指导,以供各位考生考试复习参考,希望对考生复习有所帮助。一、永... ...

原标题:SAT写作五大法则及实例指导

为了方便广大考生更好的复习,我们整理了SAT写作五大法则及实例指导,以供各位考生考试复习参考,希望对考生复习有所帮助。

一、永不过时的动词和主动语态

作为文章的编写者,你主要的任务是把你想说的用文字的方式传达给你的读者。为了达到这个目的,你可以多使用动词和主动语态来为你的文章增加生命力。

1、使用主动语态 Passive Voice

例;the main idea for my essay was stated as the first sentence in the first paragraph.

Active Voice: I stated the main idea of my essay in the first sentence in the first paragraph.

Passive voice: money for the new recreation building was raised quickly Active voice: the recreation committee quickly raised money for the new building.

2、用一个动词来替代句子中的其中一个重要的名词或形容词

例;Verb to be: The quarterback’s wretched performance was a disgrace to his team

Action verb: The quarterback’s wretched performance humiliated his team

3、在文章中把一个主要的名词换成动词

例;Verb to be: the use of leaf blowers before 8 am is a violation of local noise abatement laws.

Action verb: the use of leaf blowers before 8 am violates local noise abatement laws.

4、如果你不知道该如何更改动词,可以重新整理语句形式

例;Verb to be: Jamie was happy to be part of the all-star soccer team.

Action verb: Being a part of the all-star soccer team thrilled Jamie.

以上的例子说明多运用动词可以使句子更具生动性,也更能吸引读者的眼球。

二、借词的使用

在文章的写作中,少运用一些general words,反而多增加specific images. 什么是general words和specific images,例如说; car 就是general words,因为车的种类有很多。而Benz SUV 就是specific images。在考试的时候,多使用specific words可以帮助把物体解释的更清楚。读者也会获得更多的信息,使他们对你的文章更方便了解。

下面,让我们通过几个例子来证明;

例1;General: Tom got into his car and drove off.

Specific: Tom leaped into his SUV and roared off.

例2;General: The writer wrote a three-page critique of the painting in which he said he did not like it.

Specific: In his three-page critique, the art critic squeezed every drop of meaning- and enjoyment- out of the 3-inch by 3-inch pastel.

General words 对人物,地点,和事物的介绍都无法给读者准备的信息,所以为了更清楚的说明,把这些名词都应该换成specific words.

例3;General: An old dog came up the street. best essay writing service on www.12y.org

Specific: An ancient, gray-muzzled golden retriever wandered up Bluebird Canyon Road.

例4;General: My coach illustrates the point about playing fairly.

Specific: My basketball coach, Ms Berry, illustrates the essay- ist’s point about playing fairly.

例5;General: At the end of the day, the workmen walked up the snow-covered road.

Specific: At the end of the day, the tired workmen trudged wearily up the snow-covered road.

三、长短句合理划分

1.合并短句可以让你的文章更连贯,读者阅读的时候思路也会更清晰。让我们通过下面的举例来学习如何合并短句。

例1, The glee club held a fund-raiser, the basketball team also held a fundraiser.

Improved sentences: The glee club and the basketball team held fundraisers (compound subject)

例2, The wide receiver ran down the field. He caught the winning touchdown pass

Improved sente nces: Running down the field, the wide receiver caught the winning pass (modifying phrase)

例3, The writer wanted to finish his reading. He did not want to be interrupted with questions

Improved sentences: The writer did not want to be interrupted with questions before he finished his reading. (Complex sentence)

例4, Kareem opened the door, He invited all of us in.

Improved sentences: Kareem opened the door and invited all of us in. (compound verb)

例5, The most valuable player on the basketball team will give the graduation speech. She is the star of this year’s musical.

Improved sentences: The most valuable player on the basketball team, who is also the star of this year’s musical, will give the graduation speech (appositive)

四、避免使用复杂语句

没有人喜欢看那些十分高深的文章,除非你是专业人士,所以我们在写作的时候,尽量的使用通俗易懂词汇来组成易懂的语句。这样做,可以使考官易懂也更能明白你的意图。切记,SAT写作不是考察你的生词量,而是考察我们是否把自己的想法通过文字的方式表达出来。

如果想做到这点,那么作者在写作的时候,应该避免使用那些无关紧要的词汇,模糊不清的词汇,和条例不清的语句。让我们来看下面的例子:

例;To facilitate input by the maximum number of potential purchasers, questionnaires were designed and posted well in advance of the launch of the promotional marketing campaign.

Improved: Before we began advertising, we designed and mailed a marketing survey to find out what customers were looking for.

通过比较,我们可以清楚的明白,上面的句子,使用了一些不必要的词汇,而导致句子看上去繁琐难懂。下面的句子,经过编改,变得简单易懂。

五、避免不必要的用语

SAT写作考试不是要求你展示自己的写作才华,它要求是其实很简单,就是让你通过你的词汇把自己的意见表达出来,你可以是很简单的叙事也可以是一些小事。千万不要为了追求华丽而滥用俚语或者生僻的词。

下面让我们通过英文的例子来说明;

例1;Brian’s mother reprimanded him for blowing his physic test.

Improved: Brian’s mother reprimanded him for failing his physic test.

同样的,考生在写作的时候,也应该尽量避免太多学术性强的语言。批卷的老师很有可能并不想你一样是个电脑高手。他或她可能只明白一些初级的电脑词汇,对于那些技术性强的词汇,可以一窍不通。下面让我们通过英文的例子来说明;

例2;Close-support, transport, and reconnaissance assistance is provided by the S-3X helicopter, which is the most cost effective in a crane configuration.

Improved: The S-3X helicopter provides support, transportation, and reconnaissance. However, the helicopter is most cost effective when it works as a crane.

通过以上我们可以看到,只有那些结构清晰,表达清楚的文章才会被认可,而过度追求太学术性的写作效果往往会适得其反。

广告 330*360
广告 330*360
Copyright © 2002-2017 曲靖资讯网 版权所有
意见反馈